Parenthetical Notation 1
Follow general rules below for parenthetical notation.
1. NO NAME MENTIONED IN THE TEXT: Use the name and page number in parenthesis.
The statistics prove that gun control does not deter crime in Chicago (Brown 3).
2. NAME MENTIONED IN THE TEXT: Use the page number only in parenthesis.
Dr. Brown has proven that gun control does not deter crime in Chicago (3).
3. ARTICLE WITH NO AUTHOR: Give the title and page number of the article.
They have proven that gun control deters violence (“Guns Can Deter…” 3).
4. QUOTATIONS OF FOUR LINES OR MORE:
(Indent 10 spaces The statistics prove that gun control does not deter crime in
from each Chicago. The same number of crimes were reported after
margin) gun control laws were enacted as before they were put in
place. Gun control is not a deterrent. (Brown 3)
5. INTERNET SOURCE: Provide the author’ name. In-text citations for electronic sources are
treated in most respects as print texts are.
The bombings came at a time of rising anger and despair on both sides, as the Bush
administration"s Middle East peace plan faltered (Bennet).
6. INTERNET SOURCE WITH NO AUTHOR: Use the page title or article title provided.
Oskar Schinldler is responsible for saving 1100 Jews during the Holocaust
7. CD ROM PROGRAM: Give author’s name. If no author is available, use the
title of the article and date accessed.
Shakespeare’s character, Hamlet, is a perfect example of Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero
1. Adapted from The Research Paper: A Contemporary Approach by Sharon Sorenson.