• Please try some of these reading strategies.  They will help ensure that what you are reading is understood.
    Try some of these reading strategies to help ensure you
    understand what you are reading.
    • Ask Questions --partners read a page silently and then ask each other a question about that page before moving on.
    • Take Turns--partners take turns reading the story out loud
    • Predict - Read- Discuss--partners make predictions about material, read to confirm or disconfirm their predictions, discuss the outcome, and start over again
    • Making Connections--partners read a predetermined amount of text and then tell the text-self, text-text, or text-world connection they have made
    • Read-Pause-Retell--partners read, stop and think--take turns retelling what they have read--repeat
    • Visualizing--partners read a portion of the text and describe the pictures they have created in their minds,--repeat
    • Sticky Notes--partners decide together where to put sticky notes to mark what is most interesting, most important and most confusing--then discuss 

      9 Comprehension Strategies Good Readers Use

      Activate Prior Knowledge

      The learner brings a unique set of experiences and knowledge to reading (schemata).

      Determining Important Ideas

      Readers identify key ideas or themes as they read.

      They distinguish important and unimportant information based on their purpose for reading.


      Readers can make three types of connections:

      Text-to-self – relating the text to something personal

      Text-to-text – relating the text to another book

      Text-to-world – relating text to events going on in world

      Drawing Inferences During and After ReadingReaders make assumptions based on clues from the text and their own prior knowledge.  They “read between the lines” to draw conclusions.


      Readers can create pictures or images in their minds based on the text.

      Repairing Understanding

      Readers used strategies to “fix-up” confusion while they read.  Examples:  rereading, using context clues, summarize.

      Asking Questions

      Readers ask questions to clear up confusion, to make predictions, and to wonder about the author’s purpose.

      Synthesizing Information

      Readers combine new information with what they already know to form a new idea about the text. Readers set aside irrelevant and repetitive information in order to change their thinking about part of the text.

      Predicting          Readers make an educated guess about what will happen next based on clues from the text and recognize misconceptions.


      Strategies to Use Before, During and After Reading

      Before Reading

      During Reading

      After Reading



      Questioning (teacher and/or students) and discussing using prior knowledge, textual clues (title, heading, summary)




      Playing doubting/ believing

      Discussions, retelling (from different points of view), responding to any before




      Using textual clues

      Using topic of article

      Using key words or concepts

      Using an analogy or problem

      Students Independently

      Make personal connections

      Use prior knowledge



      Identify confusing parts


      Self-Monitor for Understanding

      Marking or glossing text



      Taking notes

      Writing questions

      Partner reading

      Keeping a reading journal


      Debate, panel discussion, dramatization, simulation, role-play



      Extended Brainstorming +

      Categorizing + Mapping using material from text, topic, key words

      Oral Presentation

      Demonstrations, talks



      Nonstop; focused or generalized Note making, writing or answer questions, mapping or revising map

      Previously made literacy or informational text

      Making up test


      Previewing the Text

      Examining clues to overall setting purposes


      Selecting appropriate reading strategies

      Teacher/Student reading aloud




      Non-stop; focused or generalized

      Jotting or note making/Questions

      Pretests or questionnaire


      Related material

      Rereading text from different perspectives




      Role-play, improvisation, dramatization, debate, etc.







      Sketching, drawing, building, viewing film, video, etc., on topic reading while writing.


      Slides, filmstrips, video, film, etc., related to text