9 Comprehension Strategies Good Readers Use
Activate Prior Knowledge
The learner brings a unique set of experiences and knowledge to reading (schemata).
Determining Important Ideas
Readers identify key ideas or themes as they read.
They distinguish important and unimportant information based on their purpose for reading.
Readers can make three types of connections:
Text-to-self – relating the text to something personal
Text-to-text – relating the text to another book
Text-to-world – relating text to events going on in world
Drawing Inferences During and After Reading Readers make assumptions based on clues from the text and their own prior knowledge. They “read between the lines” to draw conclusions.
Readers can create pictures or images in their minds based on the text.
Readers used strategies to “fix-up” confusion while they read. Examples: rereading, using context clues, summarize.
Readers ask questions to clear up confusion, to make predictions, and to wonder about the author’s purpose.
Readers combine new information with what they already know to form a new idea about the text. Readers set aside irrelevant and repetitive information in order to change their thinking about part of the text.
Predicting Readers make an educated guess about what will happen next based on clues from the text and recognize misconceptions.
Strategies to Use Before, During and After Reading
Questioning (teacher and/or students) and discussing using prior knowledge, textual clues (title, heading, summary)
Playing doubting/ believing
Discussions, retelling (from different points of view), responding to any before
Using textual clues
Using topic of article
Using key words or concepts
Using an analogy or problem
Make personal connections
Use prior knowledge
Identify confusing parts
Self-Monitor for Understanding
Marking or glossing text
Keeping a reading journal
Debate, panel discussion, dramatization, simulation, role-play
Extended Brainstorming +
Categorizing + Mapping using material from text, topic, key words
Nonstop; focused or generalized Note making, writing or answer questions, mapping or revising map
Previously made literacy or informational text
Making up test
Previewing the Text
Examining clues to overall setting purposes
Selecting appropriate reading strategies
Teacher/Student reading aloud
Non-stop; focused or generalized
Jotting or note making/Questions
Pretests or questionnaire
Rereading text from different perspectives
Role-play, improvisation, dramatization, debate, etc.
Sketching, drawing, building, viewing film, video, etc., on topic reading while writing.
Slides, filmstrips, video, film, etc., related to text, (Last Modified about a minute ago )